Wisconsin Department of Transportation

Alert: The following services will be unavailable on Saturday, January 5, 2013 from 12 a.m. (midnight) to 6 a.m. CST due to system maintenance.

International registration plan (IRP)

Apportioned license plate
Apportioned license plate

Upcoming "full reciprocity" simplification to IRP!


New link icon Watch Full Reciprocity Video

Beginning in 2015, cab-cards will show all jurisdictions! No more "add state or province". No more "over 100 percent fees" for added jurisdictions. If you have IRP, no more trip permits. This is true IRP-wide. All states and provinces will be implementing this. See more

General

IRP is a method of registering fleets of vehicles that travel in two or more member jurisdictions. Member jurisdictions include all U.S. states, except Alaska and Hawaii; Washington D.C.; and all Canadian provinces, but not including the territories of Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Yukon.

Motor carriers that operate "qualified motor vehicles" across state lines are subject to IRP licensing, reporting and record-keeping requirements unless the vehicle is exempt or a trip permit is obtained as described below.

Motor carriers applying for IRP must register their vehicles in their home or "base" jurisdiction as part of a fleet. A fleet, for IRP purposes, is comprised of one or more vehicles that pay registration fees in multiple states. The base jurisdiction collects the appropriate registration fees and distributes them to the other jurisdictions in which the carrier has requested IRP registration. IRP registration fees are determined by the type of operation requested (private, for-hire, or rental) and by the:

  • Percentage of miles traveled in each member jurisdiction 
  • Registered gross weight of each vehicle 
  • Number of vehicles in the carrier’s fleet

Credentials

Carriers are issued one registration cab card and one license plate for each vehicle in their fleet. Vehicles registered under IRP are considered registered for vehicle registration purposes only - IRP registration does not exempt carriers from any jurisdictions other requirements including:

  • Operating authority
  • Vehicle size and weight
  • Motor fuel or road tax licensing and reporting 
  • Insurance filing

Qualified motor vehicle

Registration through IRP is required for vehicles that are used for transporting persons or property, travel in two or more IRP jurisdictions (including Wisconsin), and:

  • Have a registered gross vehicle weight or actual weight in excess of 26,000 pounds (property carrying vehicle); or
  • Are power units with three (3) or more axles regardless of weight, including buses; or
  • Are used in combination and the actual weight of the combination exceeds 26,000 pounds

Intrastate operations in other jurisdictions (vehicles less than 26,001 pounds)

A vehicle that weighs less than 26,001 pounds and operates intrastate in another jurisdiction besides the base jurisdiction requires registration for that jurisdiction. Therefore carriers often register such vehicles through the IRP instead of obtaining non-apportioned registration from both the base jurisdiction and the other jurisdiction where intrastate operations occur.

You may register a vehicle(s) in Wisconsin if you have an established place of business here, or if you are an owner-operator you must be a Wisconsin resident. Your fleet must accumulate mileage in Wisconsin and the operational records for your vehicles must be kept or be made available in Wisconsin for audit.

PRISM

By state law, Wisconsin participates in the federal Performance and Registration Information Systems Management (PRISM) program. The program was developed to support motor carrier safety goals. If a carrier receives a federal out-of-service order for unsatisfactory safety compliance, IRP and IFTA are suspended until the out-of-service order is lifted.

Learn more about PRISM.

Record keeping

You must keep adequate mileage records and retain fuel receipts and invoices to substantiate your mileage and fuel use reporting. Wisconsin adopted the record keeping requirements of the International Registration Plan (IRP) for registration and the International Fuel Tax Agreement (IFTA) for fuel tax. View record keeping information.

Other

  • Corporation on file with DFI. If you are a corporation or LLC, you must be on file with the Wisconsin Department of Financial Institutions and be registered in the exact legal name of the registrant. Contact them at www.wdfi.org/corporations/crispix or at (608) 261-9555. Status must be active and in good standing. Out of State Organizations Transacting Business in Wisconsin must be registered as a Foreign Corporation.
  • Updated USDOT number. You must have a currently updated USDOT number. Currently updated means it has been updated within 2 years of when the IRP will expire. The USDOT number must be issued in the exact legal name of the registrant. If you do not have a USDOT number, or would like to check the status of your US DOT number and/or MC, you can apply or view online at www.safersys.org or call (800) 832-5660 or (608) 662-2010.
  • MC authority name. If a MC Authority is also obtained, the legal name must also be in the exact legal name and be ACTIVE.
  • FEIN number and name. The IRS-issued FEIN number must be on file with the Federal Motor Carrier Administration and must be in the exact legal name before we will process your application.
  • If you are a For-hire carrier you must have valid insurance and authority on file before we will process your application.

IRP Installment plan

IRP registrants may pay the Wisconsin portion of their annual IRP bill on an installment plan. A payment guarantee is required. If an installment payment is not received when due, the guarantee of payment will be drawn upon for the entire balance.

The installment plan is best suited for carriers with a high Wisconsin mileage percentage. This is because it applies to Wisconsin fees and does not apply to fees due in other jurisdictions. All other jurisdiction fees are paid on the first installment. If your Wisconsin mileage percentage is low, the first installment will be much greater than the rest of the payments.

In addition to registration fees for other jurisdictions, the first payment includes a $10 per vehicle fee, plate and cab card fees, and one-fourth of the Wisconsin registration fees. The remaining three quarterly payments are one-fourth of the Wisconsin registration fees.

We must have the first installment payment and an acceptable payment guarantee before we can issue credentials. Installment payments are due every three months. As stated on your original billing notice, mail your installment payment with a copy of the original billing notice when due. You will not receive a billing notice for each future installment payment. Surety Bonds must have an official seal with raised imprint or as a surety sticker seal.

See Sample Irrevocable Letter-of-credit and Surety Bond (MV2417) for more information.

Exemptions

Vehicles that are exempt from IRP registration, with operation authorized state wide in all jurisdictions, include:

  • Government-owned vehicles
  • Trailers and semi-trailers
  • Charter buses
  • Vehicles displaying restricted plates such as equipment, dealer or farm plates. However, Minnesota does not recognize Wisconsin’s farm plates and thus, Wisconsin does not recognize Minnesota’s farm plates.
  •  Recreational vehicles, such as motor homes, that are not used in connection with a business

Reciprocity

Wisconsin has a vehicle registration reciprocity agreement with Iowa, Michigan and Minnesota. This agreement replaces IRP licensing and reporting requirements for the following vehicles:

  • All qualified motor vehicles owned or leased and operated by a resident of either state that operate no further than 30 miles from the Wisconsin/Iowa state border, the Wisconsin/Michigan state border or Wisconsin/Minnesota state border.
  • All qualified motor vehicles owned or leased and operated by the state or any political subdivision of the state, while operated in official capacity and displaying tax exempt, municipal or state owned registration plates.
  • All school buses owned and operated by a resident of either state while used in the transportation of pupils to and from school related and/or sponsored events.

Application forms

WI IRP Application Schedule A - form MV2914

WI IRP Application Schedule B Amendment - form MV2912

New Operations for Wisconsin IRP: Checklist

New Operation Schedule B - Wisconsin IRP Application - form MV2854

Lease verification

Trip permit

Instead of an IRP registration, a 72-hour trip permit can be purchased online or from a permitting service. See trip permits.

Online access

The WisCRS IRP and IFTA online application is here; sign up today. Many Wisconsin carriers have discovered the benefits –join them!

Wisconsin DOT Motor Carriers oversize-overweight permit Twitter updates Follow us on Twitter!

IRP information may be obtained by contacting:

Wisconsin Department of Transportation
Motor Carrier Services 
P.O. Box 7955
Madison WI 53707-7955
Telephone: (608) 266-9900
Email: irp-ifta@dot.wi.gov

Questions about the content of this page:
Motor Carrier Services, irp-ifta@dot.wi.gov

Last modified: June 26, 2014

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