National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requires an EIS for all major Federal actions
that significantly affect the quality of the human environment. An
EIS is the decision document for a major highway project like US
14/WIS 11. The EIS pulls together community and agency interests and
recommends a future course of action.
EIS main parts:
Purpose and need for the proposed action
Note - EIS will be completed for west segment only. East segment alternative analysis and EIS preparation will begin at a later date;
after west segment EIS is complete.
Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS)
First version is a Draft EIS (DEIS). DEIS discusses the 'no-build' alternative and a range of reasonable 'build' alternatives
along with their impacts.
Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS)
Second version is a Final EIS (FEIS). FEIS documents the
recommended alternative and reasons for its selection.
Record of Decision (ROD)
ROD is final approval that is needed
before an action analyzed in EIS may be implemented. The Federal
Highway Administration (FHWA) is lead agency and an EIS is
prepared according to their guidelines.